Gender sensitization: Article
There is an often saying that for every successful man there is a woman. women which help that men beyond all the limit she not at all think about the recommendation for this dedication and hard work, result is only suppression by men. The worldly affair is not completed without woman. No one came into existence without mother. Motherhood is an essential aspect of society and always respected and remembered in every walk of life, in every part of the society, in jungle, even in the animals and birds. Motherhood is a predominant factor which cannot be ignored. It is a disappointing feature of our society that motherhood and womanhood is not respected in due sense, rather it is ignored. They think woman only inferior to them and subject to their rule. Women sensitization has always remained a vital issue in India, where patriarchal society still exits. Women are always subjected to risk whenever they want to move out in society freely.
The position enjoyed by women in Rig-Vedic period deteriorated in later Vedic civilization. Women are denied the right to education, widow remarriage, right to inheritance, ownership of property and another many thing. Many social evils like child marriage and dowry system surfaced and started. The women domination by the men started. As per Kate Millat, one of the great feminist of the world, in his book sexual politics, women were sexually rule by the men. This book is also known as Bible of women.
According to the mentality of the men, women should be the house wife, control the household chores as well as take care of their children. According to Hinduism, there is a goddess of power named as goddess Durga, there is a goddess of money named as goddess Lakshmi, there is a goddess of education named as goddess Sarashwati. they worship a woman to get power, money, and education but they will never allow to give education, power and respect to them in a society. As per sojourner truth, “if the first woman god ever made was strong enough to turn the world upside down to all alone, together women ought to be able to turn it right side up again. In Islam as per prophet, “if a girl is born in a family then it is enough for a family to go towards Heaven” but there is also a domination by them on women. Mughals who were the king at ancient time suppressed women they were not allow to move out without the permission of their husband. They were treated like a slave not only in that time but now also. Which is treated as the reason of backwardness.
As the upliftment of the society is like a car, a single busted wheel stopped whole car. As per the recent survey in India there is approximately 50% are women. So, the development should be in both hands but the scenario is that one tries to suppress another and another is getting suppressed. By observing this situation many leaders come up for upliftment of women like Raja Ram Mohan Roy who formed Brahmo Samaj, Ishwar Chand Vidyasagar who forced British to pass widow remarriage act. Whose result is tremendous. as a popular quote in English is that, “once you replace negative thought with positive one result should be positives” several women came to participate in independence revolution like Sarojini Nadu, Kasturba Gandhi, Mother Terasa.
Yes, indeed there is a development in the scenario of women but this development is slow. The mentality doesn’t change as it is stick in the unconscious mind of the men now they educate them to do their household work because they do not get the job easily there is no equality between men and women in the society. India got independence, several social evils like dowry etc. prevailed in the society. Several other laws were made for their upliftment like Article 14 which states that everybody should be treated equally in the eyes of law as well as in the societal norms irrespective of caste, religion and gender etc. Article 15 which states that there should be reservation for women or girls in every institution or even in parliament for their betterment. Article 21 right to life as there are several deaths of women in our country because of dowry system, female infanticide and many other reason. Part IV of Constitution state that there should be equal pay for equal work as in many work place it is observed that women are paid less wage or salary even though performing same level of work . Hindu Succession act and Hindu Marriage Act according to which there is a concept of remarriage of women and prohibition of dowry. Section 304 and Section 498(A) of IPC and Section 113(B) of Evidence state that there should not be harassment of a married women because of dowry demand. This is a type of positive domination of women by men. Advantage are given for the weaker section of the society for their upliftment. By giving these advantages, they termed them weaker. What a society amazing one. only try to discriminate women really it is a man dominated society.
Now there is a cut-throat competition between men and women due to which men is not able to accept. There is a mentality of most of the men that women are less than men which is worse than a worst. This is the mentality which is destroying the development of the society. The problem is not with the men it is the society which try to dominate them in every field. It is inculcated into the mind of the men from their birth that they are stronger than women they do not cry and they are born to fed their family and women are treated as weaker than men.
Finally, I want to conclude that in order to be a developed nation from developing one, the half part of society cannot be ignored at any cost. More importantly they should be given enough space to perform and uplift the entire nation as whole. There is no denying fact that women in India have made a considerable progress in almost seven decades of independence but they still have to struggle against many handicaps and social evils in the society. Many evil and masculine forces still prevail in the modern society that resists the forward march of its women.
By: Shiva Tiwari, AMU
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