Legal Maxims

Audi Alteram Partem

September 17, 2020

Meaning: This legal maxim means “No men should be condemned unheard“. Audi alteram partem is derived from a Latin phrase “audiatur et altera pars”. In other words, it means no party should be punished without a fair trial. Details: This legal maxim is based on the principle of natural justice and fair play and it […]

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Actio personalis moritur cum persona

September 13, 2020

Meaning: Actio personalis moritur cum persona has a Latin origin. It means “A personal right of action dies with the person”. Details: This legal maxim implies that once a person is dead, his actions of tort and Contract terminates and all his duties and remedies are destroyed. However, in due course of time, the rule […]

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Actus Non Facit Reum, Nisi Mens Sit Rea

September 10, 2020

Meaning: It means “The act itself does not constitute guilt unless done with a guilty intent” Details: Actus rea and Mens rea are the two necessary elements for the commission of any crime. The term “actus rea” means the body is guilty and the term “mens rea” means the mind is guilty. A guilty mind […]

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Ad Voleram

September 4, 2020

Meaning Ad Voleram is a Latin word. It means according to value or based on value. Details Generally, the word “Ad Voleram” is used regarding tax on real estate by the State but it can also be used about personal property. It is used in reference to excise and customs duties, where payable duties are […]

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Corpus delicti

August 28, 2020

Corpus delicti Meaning It’s Latin word which is a combination of two words,i.e., “Corpus“- means body and “delicti“- means act contrary to law, that is a crime. Details This donates a group of crimes. However, this word is not used often like actus reus and it is used to show common sense. The principle of […]

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Bona fide

August 27, 2020

Bona fide Meaning: In Good faith, Genuine, Action done in Good faith Details: For Example: If there is a bona fide and reasonable dispute as to a substantial part of the debt on which the petition is based, and the defence is a substantial one, the Court tends to refuse winding up. In the circumstances, […]

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Ab Initio

August 26, 2020

Ab initio Meaning Its Latin word is ‘from the beginning’. Details In legal language generally this word is used with void for example-void ab initio. Wherein any authority, specifically legislative exercises powers beyond its jurisdiction, then such exercise of powers is void ab initio. For example- Article 13(2) of the Constitution Provides ‘that state shall […]

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