Category: Legal Maxims

Respondeat superior

Meaning: The literal meaning of the maxim Respondeat superior is that “let the principal be held responsible”. Details: This doctrine is based on the concept that the principal will be liable for the actions of his agent/servant. It is a well-settled principle that the liability of the principal stands for the act done by his

Par in Perem non habet

Meaning: Its literal meaning is that an equal has no power over an equal. Details: The Legal maxim “Par in Perem non habet” is applied under International law on the concept that no State will have dominion control over the sovereignty of other states. The Constitution of the United Nations organization under the International law

Felo de se

Meaning: The legal maxim “Felo de se” denotes “a felon as to himself” which means a person who commits suicide. Details: Felon to himself denotes a person who commits suicide. Under Section 306 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860, it is an offense to abet to commit suicide in India. Also, Under Section 309 of

Facta Probantia

Meaning: The legal maxim “Facta Probantia” means the evidentiary fact or fact related to the issue. Details: Fact Probantia or evidentiary fact means fact given in evidence, its intention is to prove those other facts which are in issue. It may be used to prove documents, testimony, other things, admissible hearsay, other evidentiary facts

Ex-post facto

Meaning: The legal maxim “ex-post facto” denotes a subsequent Act. Details: Article 20(1) of the Constitution of India states that no person shall be convicted of any offense except for violation of a law in force at the time of the commission of the Act charged as an offense, nor he is subjected to a